According to Genesis 10, Canaan was the father of Sidon (Greater (on land) and Lesser (on sea)) his firstborn, and of the Hittites (Indo-European and Canaanite), Jebusites (from Jerusalem), Amorites (most of the Levant), Girgashites (completely unknown, Canaanite tribe), Hivites (Hurrians? probably some Canaanite tribe W. of Jordan), Arkites (Irqata/Arka, 34°31’50″N, 36° 2’48″E), Sinites (Ugaritic Siyannu, at Tell Siyanu, 35°21’56″N, 36° 0’10″E), Arvadites (Isle or Arvad), Zemarites (Amarna Sumur, 34°42’30″N, 35°59’10″E) and Hamathites (Hamah).
The Periplus was written by a Greek author living in mid-1st Century AD Berenice. These are the locations of the cities he tells are on the African coast North of the Cape of Spices.
1. Myos Hormos (Mussel Harbor)-Quseir al-Quadim/Old Quseir, 26° 9’24″N, 34°14’32″E.
2. Berenice-Ras Banas, 23°54’38″N, 35°28’32″E.
3. Ptolemais of the Hunts-Described by Pliny as being near Lake Monoleus, by Strabo, on a peninsula reached just after a cultivated island subject to the inundation, at/near 18°11’41″N, 38°21’15″E.
4. Adulis-near Zula, ruins located exactly at 15°15’43″N, 39°39’35″E.
5. Very Deep Bay-15° N, 40° 20′ E
10. Little Nile River-11°30’3″N, 49°55’26″E.
11. Cape Elephant-Ras el-Fil, 11°56’31″N, 50°37’57″E.
12. River Elephant-11°58’9″N, 50°49’5″E.
1. The Land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived (Exodus 9:26) was in the area of Pithom/Tell Retabeh and Ramesses/Qantir, east of the Pelusiac (Ex 1:11).
2. Pharaoh’s residence was hit by the plague of flies, while Goshen was not (Ex 8:21-24). Since the Israelites lived in Ramesses/Qantir, the capital during the time of writing of Exodus could not have been the Ramesside capital, Pi-Ramesse/Ramesses, and was certainly west of the Pelusiac.
3. According to Ex 7:15, the Exodus capital was on the bank of the Nile. According to Ex 12:31-41, one could leave Egypt from the capital in less than a night. There was an implied proximity between the capital and Goshen. Psalm 78:12, 43, confirms the identification of the Exodus capital with Zoan/Tanis.
The main arguments against the identification of Gimiri/Gomer/Cimmerians with the Israelites and for their identification as a people expelled from Scythia and settled in the area around modern Gyumri (Gamir) are three:
1. Humri (Omri) and Gimiri (Gomer) are spelled differently by the Assyrians.
2.The archeology of Cimmerian sites in Turkey shows the Cimmerian culture is Early Scythian, not Iron II B Israelite.
3. No ancient historian makes the connection between Cimmerians and Omri. Indeed, the Bible itself shows the Cimmerians were considered by the Israelites to be the most predominant of people north of the Araxes, having nothing to do with Israel or the House of Omri. Genesis 10 claims Gomer is a Japethite people, with its sons being Scythians (Ashkenaz), Riphathites (Paphlagonians? inhabitants of the Montes Riphei?), and Armenians (Togarmah). Ezekiel 38:6 also claims it is a northern people, and names it along with “Beth-Togarmah from the far north”.
The border began at a northern Mt. Hor, which was probably, as supported by Joshua 13:4, and by the name “Hor”, a prominent mountain in the area of Byblos (Josh 13:5). Lebo-Hamath is modern Laboue, Ramesses II’s “Labwe Wood” and Tiglath Pileser III’s “Lab’u” in the land of Hamath (not Labana!=Al Qusayr or just SE). Zedad is modern Sadad, Ziphron, Hawwarin, and Hazar-Enan, Al Quaryatayn. As for the eastern border, Shepham seems to be somewhere between the Hauran and Upper Yarmuk, and Ain west of Riblah is at Khirbet ‘Ayyun/A’yoon/Uyun, 32°43’10″N 35°39’60″E. The border then goes along the slope E. of the south end of the Sea of Galilee, down the Yarmuk and into the Jordan. (Note: the South border is already covered in AJaL).
“Aphek”, meaning “enclosure”, “stronghold”, or “strength” is the name of several Biblical cities. Let us find out their locations.
The first Aphek in the Bible is Antipatris (32° 6’18″N, 34°55’48″E). It is mentioned in Joshua 12:18, 1 Sam 4:1, and 1 Sam 29:1 (30:1). The second Aphek is the one of Asher. It may be at Tell Kurdeinah, or Tel Afek, in Ein Afek Nature Reserve. There should also be a third, Aramean Aphek at the Damasco-Samarian border, mentioned only in Kings. A possible, but unlikely candidate for this Aphek may be at the plain northeast of modern Afik, Golan Heights. The fourth and last Aphek, of Joshua 13:4, may be the Asherite Aphek, but is, due to the use of “as far as” to refer to a northwardly direction in the next verse, most likely identified with Afqa, Lebanon, which was probably at the border of the state and later territory or land of Amurru.
They laughed at Galileo. They laughed at Newton. They laughed at Copernicus. They laughed at Einstein. They laughed at Sayce. They laughed at Rohl. They laughed at Andy Wakefield. They laughed at Velikovsky. They laughed at Ron Wyatt. They laughed at Morris. They laughed at Schlafly. They laughed at Fleischmann and Pons. They laughed at Mike Adams. They laughed at David J. Stewart. They laughed at the kid in Algebra 1 thinking this whole 2 + 2 = 4 stuff was “a conspiracy by Big Math and it’s insidious Big Integer agents in schools” (hat tip to Greg Fish).
And rightly so.
All revolutionary ideas should be subjected to the most rigorous critical peer review by professional scholars in the field after being introduced to the scholarly world. If this blog gains influence, it will begin to have influence on the scholarly world. My research on Cadytis, Kadesh-Barnea, Ziklag, Beersheba, and, possibly, even my speculations on the locations on Mount Sinai in AJaL, will be accepted as solid, indisputable fact, except, of course, for the speculations about Mount Sinai, which will only be treated as interesting, but not conclusive. (Edit as of 11/12/12: That was arrogant. I should have subjected my own ideas to further critical examination before making such possibly false pronouncements. Ziklag’s location is still speculative, while the rest of my research on these places of southern Palestine still looks solid.)
Scholars do not condemn a certain idea simply because they don’t like it. They condemn it because it is in disagreement with mountains of evidence piled up over the years and will make several specialties impossible to study. The Vaccine-Autism link, for instance, contradicts fourteen good studies. Velikovsky’s idea of Ramesses II and Necho II being the same person contradicts the fact Tanis, a small provincial town during the days of Ramesses II, and later a mighty Delta capital, contains a large number of Ramesside monuments from Pi-Ramesse used by numerous other kings. Ron Wyatt’s belief a land bridge exists between Nuweiba and the Saudi coast contradicts simple terrain data (go to the “View” tab on Google Earth, turn off Water Surface, and see what I mean).
Those who promote what is commonly considered pseudoscience and claim a conspiracy is conspiring against them, while ignoring all evidence contrary to their preferred pseudoscience, are not working toward a better, more balanced science. They are promoting a world where all reality is in the mind of its beholder. In the medical sphere, this leads to piles of the prematurely dead. In the historical sphere, it leads to nowhere. In the religious sphere, it leads to what we have today. In the industrial sphere, it leads to the end of all planning. In the literary sphere, it leads to the end of language. Those who promote what is commonly considered pseudoscience and claim a conspiracy is conspiring against them, while ignoring all evidence contrary to their preferred pseudoscience, are evil. (Edit as of 11/12/12: True in a limited sense; their beliefs are certainly “evil”; whether they are evil themselves is a matter of semantics.)
The “arrogant bullying” and “intellectual tyranny” of science is necessary to get closer to the truth about the world.