On Kedesh and Zaanannim

Kedesh is often considered to be Kedesh of Naphtali/Galilee alone, 33° 6’48″N, 35°32’1″E. However, 1 Chron 6:72 suggests a Kedesh in the Jezreel Valley. This is supported by Joshua 12:22, which places Kedesh between Megiddo and Jokneam in Joshua’s campaign list. The two words “of Naphtali/Galilee” seem to be used to distinguish the Galilean Kedesh with one in the Jezreel. A Kedesh in the Jezreel is also supported by the context of Judges 4 (Kedesh of Galilee was far too close to Hazor) and by Judges 5:19. The Jezreelite Kedesh was probably Tell abu Kadeis (32°33’34″N, 35°12’58″E?). The discovery of the approximate location of the “oak of Zaananinm” of Judges 4:11 and Joshua 19:33 will probably lead to a new and clearer understanding of the border of the Tribe of Naphtali. Indeed, if the tell is dug, it might lead to discovery of some very interesting remains, indeed!

Author: pithom

An atheist with an interest in the history of the ancient Near East. Author of the Against Jebel al-Lawz Wordpress blog.

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