The Northern and Eastern Borders of the Promised Land of Numbers

The border began at a northern Mt. Hor, which was probably, as supported by Joshua 13:4, and by the name “Hor”, a prominent mountain in the area of Byblos (Josh 13:5). Lebo-Hamath is modern Laboue, Ramesses II’s “Labwe Wood” and Tiglath Pileser III’s “Lab’u” in the land of Hamath (not Labana!=Al Qusayr or just SE). Zedad is modern Sadad, Ziphron, Hawwarin, and Hazar-Enan, Al Quaryatayn. As for the eastern border, Shepham seems to be somewhere between the Hauran and Upper Yarmuk, and Ain west of Riblah is at Khirbet ‘Ayyun/A’yoon/Uyun, 32°43’10″N 35°39’60″E. The border then goes along the slope E. of the south end of the Sea of Galilee, down the Yarmuk and into the Jordan. (Note: the South border is already covered in AJaL).

Author: pithom

An atheist with an interest in the history of the ancient Near East. Author of the Against Jebel al-Lawz Wordpress blog.

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