The African Coast in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

The Periplus was written by a Greek author living in mid-1st Century AD Berenice. These are the locations of the cities he tells are on the African coast North of the Cape of Spices.

1. Myos Hormos (Mussel Harbor)-Quseir al-Quadim/Old Quseir, 26° 9’24″N, 34°14’32″E.

2. Berenice-Ras Banas, 23°54’38″N, 35°28’32″E.

3. Ptolemais of the Hunts-Described by Pliny as being near Lake Monoleus, by Strabo, on a peninsula reached just after a cultivated island subject to the inundation, at/near 18°11’41″N, 38°21’15″E.

4. Adulis-near Zula, ruins located exactly at 15°15’43″N, 39°39’35″E.

5. Very Deep Bay-15° N, 40° 20′ E

6. Avalites-Saylac

7. Malao-Berbera

8. Mundus-Xiis

9. Mosyllum-Ceelaayo

10. Little Nile River-11°30’3″N, 49°55’26″E.

11. Cape Elephant-Ras el-Fil, 11°56’31″N, 50°37’57″E.

12. River Elephant-11°58’9″N, 50°49’5″E.

Author: pithom

An atheist with an interest in the history of the ancient Near East. Author of the Against Jebel al-Lawz Wordpress blog.

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