Kerkenes-a Little-Known Anatolian City Larger than Hattusa

Everybody knows about Hattusa- the large, strongly-fortified capital of the Hittite empire:

However, quite fewer know of an Iron Age Anatolian city only 30 miles southeast of Hattusa which is, in fact, quite a bit larger than Hattusa-Kerkenes Dag:

The above screenshot of Kerkenes was taken at the same scale (11000 ft) as that of Hattusa.

The excavator identifies this city with Herodotus’s Pteria. For a description of the conclusions, see here. According to Herodotus 1:76, “Crœsus, when he had passed over with his army, came to that place in Cappadocia which is called Pteria (now Pteria is the strongest place in this country, and is situated somewhere about in a line with the city of Sinope on the Euxine). Here he encamped and ravaged the fields of the Syrians. Moreover he took the city of the Pterians, and sold the people into slavery, and he took also all the towns that lay about it; and the Syrians, who were not guilty of any wrong, he forced to remove from their homes.” Croesus was the king of the Lydians, while Cyrus was the king of the Persians. The battle is said to have taken in late 547 BC, though it could have taken place later.

According to the excavator, Kerkenes/Pteria should be considered an independent Phrygian state, rather than a Median capital. It was a single-period site (except for some possible Hittite and Byzantine remains) and was apparently founded by settlers from the West toward the end of the 7th century BC. The city was destroyed violently sometime in the 6th C BC.

More on the Nuweiba Column

The excerpt from “The Exodus Case” regarding the column (with pictures) mentioned in the previous post can be found here. According to this article, the Roman columns used by the Fatimids in their fortifications at Ashkelon were made of Aswan granite. The Roman columns photographed by Moller were those of the Severan basilica. I have also suggested parallels between the columns of the Severan Samarian colonnade and the Nuweiba column. Moller has confirmed my view.

Russian Version of Moller’s Exodus Case Available

Right here. Lennart Moller’s book is a Wyattist one, and explains most of Wyatt’s “discoveries”. The page on the Nuweiba Column (p. 110) is most interesting, the closest parallel Moller being able to cite coming from Graeco-Roman Ashkelon (!!!). According to Moller (re-translated by me): “They have the following common features: form, height and diameter, material (granite), minimal decoration, unthoughtful top part”. He also states that, considering these common characteristics, “We can propose that they were all made by one culture”.

The Graeco-Roman date of the Nuweiban column is, therefore, settled by Moller himself.