Adam is a Metaphor for Zedekiah?!

I had already largely agreed with Walter Mattfeld that the Bible (especially Genesis) largely reflects the Late Iron IIc/Babylonian/Early Persian periods before I founded this blog-indeed, I had argued Genesis 14 is a metaphor for Zedekiah’s escape and Chedorlaomer a metaphor for the Median or Persian empire-but this idea puts me to shame! Why had I not thought of Adam being a metaphor for Zedekiah before? Why had I not thought Eden as a metaphor for Jerusalem, just made larger-than life and moved somewhat to the East?

Author: pithom

An atheist with an interest in the history of the ancient Near East. Author of the Against Jebel al-Lawz Wordpress blog.

3 thoughts on “Adam is a Metaphor for Zedekiah?!”

  1. Book of Ezekiel tell us that the King of Tyre ruled in Eden on God’s mount. Francesca understood this God’s mountain as Temple Mount, so Garden of Eden is Jerusalem.
    But this opinion probably is wrong.
    King of Tyre ruled on har elohim. This could be translated as mount of gods. According to the Phoenician mythology, the mount of gods is Mount Zaphon.
    At 15 miles from the Mount Zaphon there was an ancient Antiochia, the capital of the Seleucids empire. Probably the unknown King of Tyre is not Zedekiah, but one of the Seleucids, who called himself as “God”.
    Question. On the coins of which Seleucids king the inscription “God” appeared for the first time?

    1. Obviously the King of Tyre in Ezekiel 28 is not Zedekiah. I do not see any reason to suggest a Hellenistic, rather than Exilic, date for Ezekiel 28. The mention of “har elohim” in Ezekiel 28 is, like the mention of Eden, very likely metaphorical, and probably utilizing an earlier version of the Eden tradition which more clearly connected the expulsion from Eden with the Babylonian exile. As for the question, coins of Epiphanes certainly used the term “ΘΕΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥ”.

      1. You correctly answered the question.
        One of the reasons to date the Book of Ezekiel to Hellenistic period is its language, which is later the language of Priestly Codex, but is earlier the language of Chronicles.

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