Libya After Gaddafi

Since it has been two years and a week since Gaddafi’s death, and since I have recently accidentally come upon a good amount of information regarding how Libya changed in the past two years, I have decided to post links to this information here.

Map of al-Qaeda’s operations in Cyrenaica and Fezzan. Al-Qaeda did not operate in Libya before 2011.

Support for sharia as a source of legislation among the public is in the 70s percent. As a side note, unsurprisingly, the only Arab country in which proponents of sharia as a source of legislation are a minority (49% for both men and women) is also the only Arab country that isn’t Sudan in which there is no state religion.

U.S. State Department human rights reports show human rights violations in Libya to be more frequent in 2012 than in 2010, though they also show increased press and Internet freedom since the fall of Gaddafi.

Religious freedom, restricted only by the government in 2010, has become less restricted by the government and more restricted by individuals independent of the government.

Libya has transitioned to an electoral democracy.

Last, but not least: most Libyans in 2012 supported the roles of the U.S. and E.U. in toppling Gaddafi. Three-quarters of Libyans in 2012 supported the NATO intervention in Libya. Over three quarters of Libyans support Western-sent equipment for the Libyan military. Most Libyans view former Gaddafi regime members and al-Qaeda as the biggest threats to the future of Libya.

Edit about an hour after posting: The vast majority of Libyans support immediate disarmament of militias.

Conclusion: Libya has become more anarchic since the fall of Gaddafi. Most Libyans in 2012 thought the Gaddafi regime was worth deposing. The Libyan government’s control of the country is less stable this year than it was last year.


Author: pithom

An atheist with an interest in the history of the ancient Near East. Author of the Against Jebel al-Lawz Wordpress blog.

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