What protected Hillary this time around was what drove Obama to the nomination despite losses in the four most populated states in the country: the Black Firewall. There is a substantial overlap between states won by Bernie and Obama. All but six contests which Bernie won were won by Obama. The six:

*Oklahoma (disgruntled unregistered Republicans in 2016 filing anti-Clinton protest vote)

*Indiana

*Michigan

*West Virginia

*New Hampshire

*Rhode Island

The map if Bernie won the Black vote by as much as Clinton did (i.e., if Bernie had been Black, but otherwise took exactly the same actions as he actually did):

DemBlackSandpng

The map if Bernie hadn’t been Black, but instead the primaries had totally excluded Blacks:

DemWhitePrimary

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