Above: A combination of my first three lmlk maps. Blue is HBRN, Orange is ZYF, Yellow is SWKH, Green is MMST, Maroon are those with eroded or unpublished inscriptions.
It is clear that the contents of the lmlk-marked jars belonged to the king before they were given (or sold) to whomever they were given to.
Assyrian vassal economy centralizing reforms
The only cities with over two early lmlk handles found during their excavations outside of the zone negatively affected by Sennacherib’s campaign are Gibeon, Mizpah, and Jerusalem (Ramat Rahel does not count).