The land of Irem is mentioned in the Hatshepsut reliefs as having chiefs who kneel before her. They, like the Puntites, are not shown as Nubian, but as being reddish-brown skinned. In the eighth year of Seti I (1283 BC), Irem revolted. However, the campaign against Irem was far less serious than any one of Seti’s Levantine campaigns. Seti I, setting off from the Nile, managed to take five wells and 400 people with the use of chariots (not boats, as might be expected for a place inside the Nile Valley). The importance of wells suggest that Irem was a pastoral area outside the Nile Valley. If, as Bruce G. Trigger says, control of Irem was necessary for the control of Amau (an area exploited by Punt), Irem must neccecarily be placed between the Hassai mining area, 18°42′N, 35°23′E, and the Nile Valley east of Abu Hamed and north of Atbara. This location of Irem makes its identification with the Yam of the Old Kingdom all the more likely.
Since Nemyew is mentioned in nowhere but the Hatshepsut reliefs, and its chiefs are portrayed as Negroes, Nemyew should be placed somewhere in the Nile valley above Kurgus, 19°17′N, 33°25′E, and therefore out of Egyptian control.