Lo!

See previous post, by the points of which I fully stand.

the available proxy evidence does not reveal what conditions were like in different parts of northern Iraq, or for that matter, in northern Iraq as a whole.

It is possible that increased regional aridity, as indicated by the paleoclimatic proxy records discussed earlier, may also have been a factor in rising grain prices, though this question must remain unresolved pending further research.

In 616 BC, a former Assyrian subject named Nabopolassar declared himself king of Babylon, and took to the offensive against the moribund Assyrian state.

-Of course, this took place in 626 BC.

We also strongly suspect that any economic damage inflicted upon the Assyrian Empire by drought would have served as a key stimulus for the increasing unrest which was to characterize its final decades, although this notion cannot be conclusively demonstrated from the available evidence, and for the present must remain in the realm of conjecture. While there is no direct evidence from which a causal relationship can be inferred between drought and political dissatisfaction with Assurbanipal’s regime, the fact that insurrections apparently broke out not only in Babylonia but within the Assyrian heartland itself in 652 and 651 BC, respectively (Fig. 2), is suggestive that political unrest may have been partly influenced by economic hardship that resulted from drought earlier in the decade.

It would be misleading, however, to suggest that episodes of drought caused by a change in climate were the only—or even the primary – causal factor for the decline of the Assyrian Empire. We must assume that there were many other important known and unknown contingent factors that also influenced the historical trajectory of the Assyrian state during its final century.

In short, the climatological record relating to the 7th century BC Middle Eastern interior is too scanty, of too low “temporal resolution”, too self-contradictory, and too far away to be of any relevance to the fall of the 7th century BC Assyrian Empire. Whee.

So, why was this paper accepted, again?

At a more global level, the fate of the Assyrian Empire also teaches modern societies about the consequences of prioritizing policies intended to maximize short-term economic and political benefit over those which favor long-term economic security and risk mitigation. Of course, the Assyrians can be “excused” to some extent for focusing on short-term economic or political goals which increased their risk of being negatively impacted by climate change, given their technological capacity and their level of scientific understanding about how the natural world works. We, however, have no such excuses, and we also possess the additional Climatic Change benefit of hindsight, which allows us to piece together from the past what can go wrong if we choose not to enact policies that promote longer-term sustainability.

-So, this paper is little more than a platform to spread baseless climate alarmism with fictional evidence. Got it. Not impressed.

Imitation Assyro-Gazite Bowl Found at Tel Burna

I’ve only noticed this about a week ago in this PowerPoint presentation. The bowl is found on Slide 19 of the PowerPoint presentation (showing the Iron IIc pottery) and has clear parallels to Bowl 4 (Carinated Bowl with Red Slip and Flaring Rim) of the Ashkelon 3 report (Ashkelon 3, p. 77). Bowl 4 of the Ashkelon 3 report was made somewhere in coastal Philistia (Ashkelon 3, p. 56 & p. 64) and is paralleled by a type of bowl from the Assyrian center of Tell Jemmeh. I recognized this type of bowl so easily because it is featured on the header of this blog because it is featured in my second video on Khirbet en-Nahas. This type of bowl is not directly based on Assyrian pottery, but was brought to Palestine by Assyrian administration.
Assyrogaziteburna2

Khirbet Mudaybi

During my research for my second YouTube video on Khirbet en-Nahas, I remembered a Moabite Assyrian-era fortress that has yielded a similar plan to those Assyrian fortresses built in Edom along the routes to Arabia (Nahas, Kheleifeh, Hatseva): Khirbet Mudaybi (also known as Mudeibi/Mudeibi’a). The site has yielded four Proto-Ionic capitals in its gate area, and a radiocarbon date showing its 8th C BC origin. It is located at 31° 2’34″N, 35°50’45″E. Publication of all its finds should prove useful to detailing Sargonid administration in trade-sensitive areas in its vassal kingdoms.