On Teman

I wrote a post on Teman over a year ago. I now conclude that, as by the Late Iron IIc Teman (“to the right/south”) was in northern Edom, it is more likely that the term “Teman” was actually first used by the inhabitants of southern Cisjordan. As YHWH was not worshiped by the Edomites, it seems the Teman of the Kuntillet ‘Ajrud ostraca is the entire region to the South of Judah. The term “Teman” may have been first used by the copper miners of Tel Masos.

Khirbet Mudaybi

During my research for my second YouTube video on Khirbet en-Nahas, I remembered a Moabite Assyrian-era fortress that has yielded a similar plan to those Assyrian fortresses built in Edom along the routes to Arabia (Nahas, Kheleifeh, Hatseva): Khirbet Mudaybi (also known as Mudeibi/Mudeibi’a). The site has yielded four Proto-Ionic capitals in its gate area, and a radiocarbon date showing its 8th C BC origin. It is located at 31° 2’34″N, 35°50’45″E. Publication of all its finds should prove useful to detailing Sargonid administration in trade-sensitive areas in its vassal kingdoms.

The Location of Seir

Seir is sometimes considered to be on the West side of the Aravah. Since Seir is Edomite heartland, which, archeologically, the Central Negev Highland is not, and the Central Negev Heights are to be identified with Zin, it is logical to conclude Seir was the mountain range entirely to the east of the Aravah. Mount Seir is NOT a single peak, but the whole range stretching from Wadi Hasa to the Gulf of Aqaba.